Module:Params

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	---                                        ---
	---     LOCAL ENVIRONMENT                  ---
	---    ________________________________    ---
	---                                        ---


-- Special user-given keywords (functions and modifiers MUST avoid these names)
local mkeywords = {
--	['pattern'] = false,
	['plain'] = true,
	['or'] = 0
}


-- Set directives
local memoryslots = {
	i = 'itersep',
	p = 'pairsep',
	h = 'header',
	f = 'footer',
	n = 'ifngiven'
}


-- The private table of functions
local library = {}


-- Return a copy or a reference to a table
local function copy_or_ref_table(src, refonly)
	if refonly then return src end
	newtab = {}
	for key, val in pairs(src) do newtab[key] = val end
	return newtab
end


-- Prepare the context
local function context_init(frame, funcname, refpipe, refparams)
	local ctx = {}
	ctx.iterfunc = pairs
	ctx.pipe = copy_or_ref_table(frame.args, refpipe)
	ctx.frame = frame:getParent()
	ctx.params = copy_or_ref_table(ctx.frame.args, refparams)
	return funcname(ctx)
end


-- Move to the next action within the user-given list
local function context_iterate(ctx, n_forward)
	local nextfn
	if ctx.pipe[n_forward] ~= nil then
		nextfn = ctx.pipe[n_forward]:match'^%s*(.*%S)'
	end
	if nextfn == nil then
		error('No function name was given', 0)
	end
	if library[nextfn] == nil then
		error('The function "' .. nextfn .. '" does not exist', 0)
	end
	for idx = n_forward, 1, -1 do table.remove(ctx.pipe, idx) end
	return library[nextfn](ctx)
end


-- Concatenate the numerical keys from the table of parameters to the numerical
-- keys from the table of options; non-numerical keys from the table of options
-- will prevail over colliding non-numerical keys from the table of parameters
local function concat_params(ctx)
	local shift = table.maxn(ctx.pipe) 
	local newargs = {}
	if ctx.subset == 1 then
		-- We need only the sequence
		for key, val in ipairs(ctx.params) do
			newargs[key + shift] = val
		end
	else
		if ctx.subset == -1 then
			for key, val in ipairs(ctx.params) do
				ctx.params[key] = nil
			end
		end
		for key, val in pairs(ctx.params) do
			if type(key) == 'number' then
				newargs[key + shift] = val
			else
				newargs[key] = val
			end
		end
	end
	for key, val in pairs(ctx.pipe) do newargs[key] = val end
	return newargs
end


local function do_for_each_param(ctx, fn)
	local tbl = ctx.params
	if ctx.subset == 1 then
		for key, val in ipairs(tbl) do fn(key, val) end
		return
	end
	if ctx.subset == -1 then
		for key, val in ipairs(tbl) do tbl[key] = nil end
	end
	if ctx.dosort then
		local nums = {}
		local words = {}
		for key, val in pairs(tbl) do
			if type(key) == 'number' then
				nums[#nums + 1] = key
			else
				words[#words + 1] = key
			end

		end
		table.sort(nums)
		table.sort(words)
		for idx = 1, #nums do fn(nums[idx], tbl[nums[idx]]) end
		for idx = 1, #words do fn(words[idx], tbl[words[idx]]) end
		return
	end
	if ctx.subset ~= -1 then
		for key, val in ipairs(tbl) do
			fn(key, val)
			tbl[key] = nil
		end
	end
	for key, val in pairs(tbl) do fn(key, val) end
end


-- Parse the arguments of the `with_*_matching` class of modifiers
local function parse_match_args(opts, ptns, fname)
	local state = 0
	local cnt = 1
	local keyw
	for _, val in ipairs(opts) do
		if state == 0 then
			ptns[#ptns + 1] = { val, false }
			state = -1
		else
			keyw = val:match'^%s*(.*%S)'
			if keyw == nil or mkeywords[keyw] == nil then break
			else
				state = mkeywords[keyw]
				if state ~= 0 then ptns[#ptns][2] = state end
			end
		end
		cnt = cnt + 1
	end
	if state == 0 then error(fname .. ': No pattern was given', 0) end
	return cnt
end



	--[[ Piped modifiers ]]--
	--------------------------------


-- See iface.sequential()
library.sequential = function(ctx)
	if ctx.subset == -1 then error('The two directives "non-sequential" and "sequential" are in contradiction with each other', 0) end
	if ctx.dosort then error('The "all_sorted" directive is redundant when followed by "sequential"', 0) end
	ctx.iterfunc = ipairs
	ctx.subset = 1
	return context_iterate(ctx, 1)
end


-- See iface['non-sequential']()
library['non-sequential'] = function(ctx)
	if ctx.subset == 1 then error('The two directives "sequential" and "non-sequential" are in contradiction with each other', 0) end
	ctx.iterfunc = pairs
	ctx.subset = -1
	return context_iterate(ctx, 1)
end


-- See iface.all_sorted()
library.all_sorted = function(ctx)
	if ctx.subset == 1 then error('The "all_sorted" directive is redundant after "sequential"', 0) end
	ctx.dosort = true
	return context_iterate(ctx, 1)
end


-- See iface.setting()
library.setting = function(ctx)
	local opts = ctx.pipe
	local cmd
	if opts[1] ~= nil then
		cmd = opts[1]:gsub('%s+', ''):gsub('/+', '/'):match'^/*(.*[^/])'
	end
	if cmd == nil then error('setting: No directive was given', 0) end
	local sep = string.byte('/')
	local argc = 2
	local dest = {}
	local vname
	local chr
	for idx = 1, #cmd do
		chr = cmd:byte(idx)
		if chr == sep then
			for key, val in ipairs(dest) do
				ctx[val] = opts[argc]
				dest[key] = nil
			end
			argc = argc + 1
		else
			vname = memoryslots[string.char(chr)]
			if vname == nil then error('setting: Unknown slot "' ..
				string.char(chr) .. '"', 0) end
			table.insert(dest, vname)
		end
	end
	for key, val in ipairs(dest) do ctx[val] = opts[argc] end
	return context_iterate(ctx, argc + 1)
end


-- See iface.squeezing()
library.squeezing = function(ctx)
	local tbl = ctx.params
	local store = {}
	local indices = {}
	for key, val in pairs(tbl) do
		if type(key) == 'number' then
			indices[#indices + 1] = key
			store[key] = val
			tbl[key] = nil
		end
	end
	table.sort(indices)
	for idx = 1, #indices do tbl[idx] = store[indices[idx]] end
	return context_iterate(ctx, 1)
end


-- See iface.cutting()
library.cutting = function(ctx)
	local lcut = tonumber(ctx.pipe[1])
	if lcut == nil then error('cutting: Left cut must be a number', 0) end
	local rcut = tonumber(ctx.pipe[2])
	if rcut == nil then error('cutting: Right cut must be a number', 0) end
	local tbl = ctx.params
	local len = #tbl
	if lcut < 0 then lcut = len + lcut end
	if rcut < 0 then rcut = len + rcut end
	local tot = lcut + rcut
	if tot > 0 then
		local cache = {}
		if tot >= len then
			for key, val in ipairs(tbl) do tbl[key] = nil end
			tot = len
		else
			for idx = len - rcut + 1, len, 1 do tbl[idx] = nil end
			for idx = 1, lcut, 1 do tbl[idx] = nil end
		end
		for key, val in pairs(tbl) do
			if type(key) == 'number' and key > 0 then
				if key > len then
					cache[key - tot] = val
				else
					cache[key - lcut] = val
				end
				tbl[key] = nil
			end
		end
		for key, val in pairs(cache) do tbl[key] = val end
	end
	return context_iterate(ctx, 3)
end


-- See iface.with_name_matching()
library.with_name_matching = function(ctx)
	local tbl = ctx.params
	local patterns = {}
	local argc = parse_match_args(ctx.pipe, patterns, 'with_name_matching')
	local nomatch
	for key in pairs(tbl) do
		nomatch = true
		for _, ptn in ipairs(patterns) do
			if string.find(key, ptn[1], 1, ptn[2]) then
				nomatch = false
				break
			end
		end
		if nomatch then tbl[key] = nil end
	end
	return context_iterate(ctx, argc)
end


-- See iface.with_name_not_matching()
library.with_name_not_matching = function(ctx)
	local tbl = ctx.params
	local patterns = {}
	local argc = parse_match_args(ctx.pipe, patterns,
		'with_name_not_matching')
	local yesmatch
	for key in pairs(tbl) do
		yesmatch = true
		for _, ptn in ipairs(patterns) do
			if not string.find(key, ptn[1], 1, ptn[2]) then
				yesmatch = false
				break
			end
		end
		if yesmatch then tbl[key] = nil end
	end
	return context_iterate(ctx, argc)
end


-- See iface.with_value_matching()
library.with_value_matching = function(ctx)
	local tbl = ctx.params
	local patterns = {}
	local argc = parse_match_args(ctx.pipe, patterns,
		'with_value_matching')
	local nomatch
	for key, val in pairs(tbl) do
		nomatch = true
		for _, ptn in ipairs(patterns) do
			if string.find(val, ptn[1], 1, ptn[2]) then
				nomatch = false
				break
			end
		end
		if nomatch then tbl[key] = nil end
	end
	return context_iterate(ctx, argc)
end


-- See iface.with_value_not_matching()
library.with_value_not_matching = function(ctx)
	local tbl = ctx.params
	local patterns = {}
	local argc = parse_match_args(ctx.pipe, patterns,
		'with_value_not_matching')
	local yesmatch
	for key, val in pairs(tbl) do
		yesmatch = true
		for _, ptn in ipairs(patterns) do
			if not string.find(val, ptn[1], 1, ptn[2]) then
				yesmatch = false
				break
			end
		end
		if yesmatch then tbl[key] = nil end
	end
	return context_iterate(ctx, argc)
end


-- See iface.trimming_values()
library.trimming_values = function(ctx)
	local tbl = ctx.params
	for key, val in pairs(tbl) do tbl[key] = val:match'^%s*(.-)%s*$' end
	return context_iterate(ctx, 1)
end



	--[[ Piped functions ]]--
	------------------------------------


-- See iface.count()
library.count = function(ctx)
	local count = 0
	for _ in ctx.iterfunc(ctx.params) do count = count + 1 end
	if ctx.subset == -1 then count = count - #ctx.params end
	return count
end


-- See iface.concat_and_call()
library.concat_and_call = function(ctx)
	local opts = ctx.pipe
	local tname
	if opts[1] ~= nil then tname = opts[1]:match'^%s*(.*%S)' end
	if tname == nil then error('concat_and_call: No template name was provided', 0) end
	table.remove(opts, 1)
	return ctx.frame:expandTemplate{
		title = tname,
		args = concat_params(ctx)
	}
end


-- See iface.concat_and_invoke()
library.concat_and_invoke = function(ctx)
	local opts = ctx.pipe
	local mname
	local fname
	if opts[1] ~= nil then mname = opts[1]:match'^%s*(.*%S)' end
	if mname == nil then error('concat_and_invoke: No module name was provided', 0) end
	if opts[2] ~= nil then fname = opts[2]:match'^%s*(.*%S)' end
	if fname == nil then error('concat_and_invoke: No function name was provided', 0) end
	table.remove(opts, 2)
	table.remove(opts, 1)
	return require('Module:' .. mname)[fname](ctx.frame:newChild{
		title = 'Module:' .. fname,
		args = concat_params(ctx)
	})
end


-- See iface.value_of()
library.value_of = function(ctx)
	local opts = ctx.pipe
	local keystr
	if opts[1] ~= nil then keystr = opts[1]:match'^%s*(.*%S)' end
	if keystr == nil then error('value_of: No parameter name was provided', 0) end
	local keynum = tonumber(keystr)
	if (
		ctx.subset == -1 and keynum ~= nil and #ctx.params >= keynum
	) or (
		ctx.subset == 1 and (keynum == nil or #ctx.params < keynum)
	) then return (ctx.ifngiven or '') end
	local val = ctx.params[keynum or keystr]
	if val == nil then return (ctx.ifngiven or '') end
	return (ctx.header or '') .. val .. (ctx.footer or '')
end


-- See iface.list()
library.list = function(ctx)
	local pps = ctx.itersep or ''
	local kvs = ctx.pairsep or ''
	local sep = ctx.header or ''
	local las = ctx.footer or ''
	local foo = ctx.ifngiven or ''
	local ret = ''
	do_for_each_param(
		ctx,
		function(key, val)
			ret = ret .. sep .. key .. kvs .. val
			sep = pps
			foo = las
		end
	)
	return ret .. foo
end


-- See iface.list_values()
library.list_values = function(ctx)
	local pps = ctx.itersep or ''
	local sep = ctx.header or ''
	local las = ctx.footer or ''
	local foo = ctx.ifngiven or ''
	local ret = ''
	do_for_each_param(
		ctx,
		function(key, val)
			ret = ret .. sep .. val
			sep = pps
			foo = las
		end
	)
	return ret .. foo
end


-- See iface.for_each()
library.for_each = function(ctx)
	local pps = ctx.itersep or ''
	local las = ctx.footer or ''
	local sep = ctx.header or ''
	local foo = ctx.ifngiven or ''
	local txt = ctx.pipe[1] or ''
	local ret = ''
	do_for_each_param(
		ctx,
		function(key, val)
			ret = ret .. sep .. string.gsub(
				string.gsub(txt, '%$#', key),
				'%$@',
				val
			)
			sep = pps
			foo = las
		end
	)
	return ret .. foo
end


-- See iface.call_for_each()
library.call_for_each = function(ctx)

	local opts = ctx.pipe
	local tname

	if opts[1] ~= nil then tname = opts[1]:match'^%s*(.*%S)' end
	if tname == nil then error('call_for_each: No template name was provided', 0) end

	local ccs = ctx.itersep or ''
	local sep = ctx.header or ''
	local las = ctx.footer or ''
	local foo = ctx.ifngiven or ''
	local model = { title = tname, args = opts }
	local ret = ''

	table.insert(opts, 1, true)

	do_for_each_param(
		ctx,
		function(key, val)
			opts[1] = key
			opts[2] = val
			ret = ret .. sep .. ctx.frame:expandTemplate(model)
			sep = ccs
			foo = las
		end
	)

	return ret .. foo

end


-- See iface.invoke_for_each()
library.invoke_for_each = function(ctx)

	local opts = ctx.pipe
	local mname
	local fname

	if opts[1] ~= nil then mname = opts[1]:match'^%s*(.*%S)' end
	if mname == nil then error('invoke_for_each: No module name was provided', 0) end
	if opts[2] ~= nil then fname = opts[2]:match'^%s*(.*%S)' end
	if fname == nil then error('invoke_for_each: No function name was provided', 0) end

	local ccs = ctx.itersep or ''
	local sep = ctx.header or ''
	local las = ctx.footer or ''
	local foo = ctx.ifngiven or ''
	local model = { title = 'Module:' .. mname, args = opts }
	local mfunc = require(model.title)[fname]
	local ret = ''

	do_for_each_param(
		ctx,
		function(key, val)
			opts[1] = key
			opts[2] = val
			ret = ret .. sep .. mfunc(ctx.frame:newChild(model))
			sep = ccs
			foo = las
		end
	)

	return ret .. foo

end


-- See iface.magic_for_each()
library.magic_for_each = function(ctx)

	local opts = ctx.pipe
	local magic

	if opts[1] ~= nil then magic = opts[1]:match'^%s*(.*%S)' end
	if magic == nil then error('magic_for_each: No parser function was provided', 0) end

	local ccs = ctx.itersep or ''
	local sep = ctx.header or ''
	local las = ctx.footer or ''
	local foo = ctx.ifngiven or ''
	local ret = ''

	table.insert(opts, 1, true)

	do_for_each_param(
		ctx,
		function(key, val)
			opts[1] = key
			opts[2] = val
			ret = ret .. sep .. ctx.frame:callParserFunction(magic, opts)
			sep = ccs
			foo = las
		end
	)

	return ret .. foo

end


-- See iface.call_for_each_value()
library.call_for_each_value = function(ctx)

	local opts = ctx.pipe
	local tname

	if opts[1] ~= nil then tname = opts[1]:match'^%s*(.*%S)' end
	if tname == nil then error('call_for_each_value: No template name was provided', 0) end

	local ccs = ctx.itersep or ''
	local sep = ctx.header or ''
	local las = ctx.footer or ''
	local foo = ctx.ifngiven or ''
	local model = { title = tname, args = opts }
	local ret = ''

	do_for_each_param(
		ctx,
		function(key, val)
			opts[1] = val
			ret = ret .. sep .. ctx.frame:expandTemplate(model)
			sep = ccs
			foo = las
		end
	)

	return ret .. foo

end


-- See iface.invoke_for_each_value()
library.invoke_for_each_value = function(ctx)

	local opts = ctx.pipe
	local mname
	local fname

	if opts[1] ~= nil then mname = opts[1]:match'^%s*(.*%S)' end
	if mname == nil then error('invoke_for_each_value: No module name was provided', 0) end
	if opts[2] ~= nil then fname = opts[2]:match'^%s*(.*%S)' end
	if fname == nil then error('invoke_for_each_value: No function name was provided', 0) end

	local ccs = ctx.itersep or ''
	local sep = ctx.header or ''
	local las = ctx.footer or ''
	local foo = ctx.ifngiven or ''
	local model = { title = 'Module:' .. mname, args = opts }
	local mfunc = require(model.title)[fname]
	local ret = ''

	table.remove(opts, 1)

	do_for_each_param(
		ctx,
		function(key, val)
			opts[1] = val
			ret = ret .. sep .. mfunc(ctx.frame:newChild(model))
			sep = ccs
			foo = las
		end
	)

	return ret .. foo

end


-- See iface.magic_for_each_value()
library.magic_for_each_value = function(ctx)

	local opts = ctx.pipe
	local magic

	if opts[1] ~= nil then magic = opts[1]:match'^%s*(.*%S)' end
	if magic == nil then error('magic_for_each_value: No parser function was provided', 0) end

	local ccs = ctx.itersep or ''
	local sep = ctx.header or ''
	local las = ctx.footer or ''
	local foo = ctx.ifngiven or ''
	local ret = ''

	do_for_each_param(
		ctx,
		function(key, val)
			opts[1] = val
			ret = ret .. sep .. ctx.frame:callParserFunction(magic,
				opts)
			sep = ccs
			foo = las
		end
	)

	return ret .. foo

end


-- See iface.self()
library.self = function(ctx)
	return ctx.frame:getTitle()
end



	---                                        ---
	---     PUBLIC ENVIRONMENT                 ---
	---    ________________________________    ---
	---                                        ---


-- The public table of functions
local iface = {}



	--[[ Non-piped modifiers ]]--
	------------------------------------


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|sequential|function name
iface.sequential = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.sequential, false, false)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|non-sequential|function name
iface['non-sequential'] = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library['non-sequential'], false, false)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|sort|function name
iface.all_sorted = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.all_sorted, false, false)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|setting|directives|...|function name
iface.setting = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.setting, false, false)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|squeezing|function name
iface.squeezing = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.squeezing, false, false)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|cutting|left cut|right cut|function name
iface.cutting = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.cutting, false, false)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|with_name_matching|pattern 1|[plain flag 1]|[or]
--            |[pattern 2]|[plain flag 2]|[or]|[...]|[pattern N]|[plain flag
--            N]|function name
iface.with_name_matching = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.with_name_matching, false, false)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|with_name_not_matching|pattern 1|[plain flag 1]
--            |[and]|[pattern 2]|[plain flag 2]|[and]|[...]|[pattern N]|[plain
--            flag N]|function name
iface.with_name_not_matching = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.with_name_not_matching, false,
		false)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|with_value_matching|pattern 1|[plain flag 1]|[or]
--            |[pattern 2]|[plain flag 2]|[or]|[...]|[pattern N]|[plain flag
--            N]|function name
iface.with_value_matching = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.with_value_matching, false, false)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|with_value_not_matching|pattern 1|[plain flag 1]
--            |[and]|[pattern 2]|[plain flag 2]|[and]|[...]|[pattern N]|[plain
--            flag N]|function name
iface.with_value_not_matching = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.with_value_not_matching, false,
		false)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|trimming_values|function name
iface.trimming_values = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.trimming_values, false, false)
end



	--[[ Non-piped functions ]]--
	----------------------------------------


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|count
iface.count = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.count, true, true)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:args|concat_and_call|template name|[prepend 1]|[prepend 2]
--            |[...]|[item n]|[named item 1=value 1]|[...]|[named item n=value
--            n]|[...]
iface.concat_and_call = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.concat_and_call, false, true)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:args|concat_and_invoke|module name|function name|[prepend
--            1]|[prepend 2]|[...]|[item n]|[named item 1=value 1]|[...]|[named
--            item n=value n]|[...]
iface.concat_and_invoke = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.concat_and_invoke, false, true)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|value_of|parameter name
iface.value_of = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.value_of, true, true)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|list
iface.list = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.list, true, false)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|list_values
iface.list_values = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.list_values, true, false)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|for_each|wikitext
iface.for_each = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.for_each, true, false)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|call_for_each|template name|[append 1]|[append 2]
--            |[...]|[append n]|[named param 1=value 1]|[...]|[named param
--            n=value n]|[...]
iface.call_for_each = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.call_for_each, false, false)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|invoke_for_each|module name|module function|[append
--            1]|[append 2]|[...]|[append n]|[named param 1=value 1]|[...]
--            |[named param n=value n]|[...]
iface.invoke_for_each = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.invoke_for_each, false, false)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|magic_for_each|parser function|[append 1]|[append 2]
--            |[...]|[append n]|[named param 1=value 1]|[...]|[named param
--            n=value n]|[...]
iface.magic_for_each = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.magic_for_each, false, false)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|call_for_each_value|template name|[append 1]|[append
--            2]|[...]|[append n]|[named param 1=value 1]|[...]|[named param
--            n=value n]|[...]
iface.call_for_each_value = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.call_for_each_value, false, false)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|invoke_for_each_value|module name|[append 1]|[append
--            2]|[...]|[append n]|[named param 1=value 1]|[...]|[named param
--            n=value n]|[...]
iface.invoke_for_each_value = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.invoke_for_each_value, false, false)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|magic_for_each_value|parser function|[append 1]
--            |[append 2]|[...]|[append n]|[named param 1=value 1]|[...]|[named
--            param n=value n]|[...]
iface.magic_for_each_value = function(frame)
	return context_init(frame, library.magic_for_each_value, false, false)
end


-- Syntax:  #invoke:params|self
iface.self = function(frame)
	return frame:getParent():getTitle()
end


return iface